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 *   Copyright (C) 2003-2004 by David Saxton                               *
 *   david@bluehaze.org                                                    *
 *                                                                         *
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify  *
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by  *
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or     *
 *   (at your option) any later version.                                   *


#include <vector>

#include <qvaluelist.h>

class CBranch;
class Circuit;
class CNode;
class Element;
class ElementSet;
class LogicIn;
class Matrix;
class NonLinear;
class Vector;

typedef QValueList<Element*> ElementList;
typedef QValueList<NonLinear*> NonLinearList;

Steps in simulation of a set of elements:
(1) Create this class with given number of nodes "n" and voltage sources "m"
(2) Add the various elements with addElement.
(3) Call performDC()
(4) Get the nodal voltages and voltage currents with x()
(5) Repeat steps 3 and 4 if necessary for further transient analysis.

This class shouldn't be confused with the Circuit class, but considered a helper class to Circuit.
Circuit will handle the simulation of a set of components over time. This just finds the DC-operating
point of the circuit for a given set of elements.

@short Handles a set of circuit elements
@author David Saxton
00046 class ElementSet
       * Create a new circuit, with "n" nodes and "m" voltage sources.
       * After creating the circuit, you must call setGround to specify
       * the ground nodes, before adding any elements.
      ElementSet( Circuit * circuit, const int n, const int m );
       * Destructor. Note that only the matrix and supporting data is deleted.
       * i.e. Any elements added to the circuit will not be deleted.
      Circuit * circuit() const { return m_pCircuit; }
      void addElement( Element *e );
      void setCacheInvalidated();
       * Returns the matrix in use. This is created once on the creation of the ElementSet
       * class, and deleted in the destructor, so the pointer returned will never change.
00067       Matrix *matrix() const { return p_A; }
       * Returns the vector for b (i.e. the independent currents & voltages)
00071       Vector *b() const { return p_b; }
       * Returns the vector for x (i.e. the currents & voltages at the branches and nodes)
00075       Vector *x() const { return p_x; }
       * @return if we have any nonlinear elements (e.g. diodes, tranaistors).
00079       bool containsNonLinear() const { return b_containsNonLinear; }
       * Solves for nonlinear elements, or just does linear if it doesn't contain
       * any nonlinear.
      void doNonLinear( int maxIterations, double maxErrorV = 1e-9, double maxErrorI = 1e-12 );
       * Solves for linear and logic elements.
       * @returns true if anything changed
      bool doLinear( bool performLU );
      CBranch **cbranches() const { return m_cbranches; }
      CNode **cnodes() const { return m_cnodes; }
      CNode *ground() const { return m_ground; }
       * Returns the number of nodes in the circuit (excluding ground 'nodes')
00096       int cnodeCount() const { return m_cn; }
       * Returns the number of voltage sources in the circuit
00100       int cbranchCount() const { return m_cb; }
      void createMatrixMap();
       * Displays the matrix equations Ax=b and J(dx)=-r
      void displayEquations();
       * Update the nodal voltages and branch currents from the x vector
      void updateInfo();
      Matrix *p_A;
      Vector *p_x;
      Vector *p_x_prev;
      Vector *p_b;
      uint m_cn;
      uint m_cb;
      ElementList m_elementList;
      NonLinearList m_cnonLinearList;
      CBranch **m_cbranches; // Pointer to an array of cbranches
      CNode **m_cnodes; // Pointer to an array of cnodes
      CNode *m_ground;
      uint m_clogic;
      LogicIn **p_logicIn;
      bool b_containsNonLinear;
      Circuit * m_pCircuit;


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